Treynor Ratio: What It Is, What It Shows, Formula To Calculate It

The Treynor Ratio can be compared and contrasted with metrics such as the Sharpe Ratio, Jensen’s Alpha, and Sortino Ratio to provide a more holistic understanding of an investment’s performance. Systematic risk, also known as market risk, is the risk inherent in the overall market or economic system. For example, if the Treynor ratio is used to measure the risk-adjusted return of a domestic large-cap mutual fund, it would be inappropriate to measure the fund’s beta relative to the Russell 2000 Small Stock index.

  1. By demonstrating some Treynor ratio examples, we aim to instill you with the concept.
  2. So, the Treynor Ratio is ultimately providing us with a gauge of risk-adjusted performance for an investment or portfolio.
  3. Since beta is a measure of the systematic risk, which cannot be reduced by diversifying within the same market, the Treynor Ratio tries to show how well the investment compensates the investor for taking the risk.
  4. The intersection of Treynor Ratio’s investment risk measure with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and sustainability is quite an intriguing aspect in the finance realm.
  5. Investments are likely to perform and behave differently in the future than they did in the past.

It measures the efficiency with which the portfolio manager utilizes the fund’s assets to generate returns in relation to the level of systematic risk. It implies that the portfolio has generated higher returns relative to its systematic risk, which is a desirable characteristic for investors. The Treynor ratio, or Treynor measure, is a widely used performance metric that measures how much a portfolio returns are above the risk-free rate by taking on an extra unit of systematic risk. In essence, the Treynor ratio helps you to analyze if the risk you are taking on is rightly compensated.

What are some enhancements to the Treynor Ratio?

If one needs to calculate a portfolio’s beta (β), it is the sum of all of the weighted beta values of a portfolio. The weighted beta value of a stock is the product of its proportion in the portfolio and its beta value. Suppose an investment firm’s portfolio has averaged a return of 8.0% over the trailing five years. As mentioned earlier, the risk-free rate represents the return received on default-free securities, i.e. government bonds. Since we now have an understanding of what the Treynor ratio is and its calculation, we can now talk about how to interpret what is a good Treynor ratio.

The Treynor Ratio is a measure used to assess the risk-adjusted performance of an investment or a portfolio. It is named after Jack Treynor, an economist who developed the ratio in the 1960s. The Treynor Ratio compares the excess return of an investment over the risk-free rate to its systematic risk, as measured by beta. It isolates the systematic risk component of an investment – the risk inherent to the entire market, also known as market risk – to provide a more accurate picture of an investment’s performance, as opposed to raw returns.

In fact, it is less volatile than the market benchmark is normally given a beta value of 1. But it turned out to offer the best return per unit risk taken as shown by the Treynor Ratio. What this means is that you don’t use it for a portfolio of securities from different asset classes as there would be no benchmark to compute the beta. Using the equity market benchmark to compute the beta for such a portfolio could lead to a beta value of zero or a negative beta value, both of which would render the Treynor Ratio meaningless. A negative Treynor ratio indicates that the investment has performed worse than a risk-free instrument.

Portfolio managers can use the Treynor Ratio to assess the risk-adjusted return of their investment portfolios and make informed decisions about asset allocation and risk management strategies. Understanding the components of the Treynor Ratio is crucial to appreciating its significance in evaluating investment performance. The ratio incorporates the portfolio return, risk-free rate, and portfolio beta in its calculation.

Limitations and Assumptions

Hakan Samuelsson and Oddmund Groette are independent full-time traders and investors who together with their team manage this website. Suppose you are comparing two portfolios, an Equity Portfolio and a Fixed Income Portfolio. You’ve done extensive research on both portfolios and can’t decide which one is a better investment.

Jack Treynor provided this ratio, expanding William Sharpe’s contributions to modern portfolio theory. The Sharpe ratio (SR) measures the fund’s ability to generate returns against its overall risk, whereas the Treynor ratio (TR) assesses portfolio performance Forex Brokers only in light of economic troubles. However, the ratio’s adequacy in representing performance is determined by comparing it to the Security Market Line (SML), which illustrates the relationship between risk and return for diversified portfolios.

The Treynor Ratio is a measure of a portfolio’s excess return per unit of systematic risk, or the market volatility of the portfolio. The Treynor ratio is mainly used to measure the amount of return you are getting by taking on an extra unit of systematic risk. It is vital to understand the importance of measuring your return against forex broker rating the systematic risk, which is represented by the portfolio’s beta, instead of the standard deviation, which is the total risk. An alternative method of ranking portfolio management is Jensen’s alpha, which quantifies the added return as the excess return above the security market line in the capital asset pricing model.

This could be a result of successful investment strategies or the efficient management of the portfolio. Investors should view a high ratio favorably, as it signifies a suitable reward for the level of risk involved. The Sharpe Ratio (SR) measures a fund’s risk-adjusted return based on its total risk, represented by the portfolio’s standard deviation. In contrast, cryptocurrency broker canada utilizing its beta, the Treynor Ratio evaluates portfolio performance relative to market risk. In the stock market, the broad market index, such as the S&P 500, is given a beta of 1. A beta of more than 1 means that the asset or portfolio is more volatile than the market, while a beta of less than 1 but greater than zero indicates a less volatile asset.

When using the Treynor Ratio, keep in mind:

Here, higher Treynor ratios signify superior risk-adjusted performance relative to its peers. To conclude, while the Treynor Ratio is an important tool for assessing risk-adjusted performance, its limitations should be recognized. It’s crucial to use it in conjunction with other metrics and risk assessment tools to obtain a comprehensive understanding of portfolio performance.

In this example, the portfolio generated a Treynor Ratio of 6.67%, which indicates its performance relative to its exposure to systematic risk. The risk-free rate is the return on a theoretically risk-free investment, such as a government bond. This rate is used as a benchmark for comparing the performance of riskier investments. The Treynor ratio shares similarities with the Sharpe ratio, and both measure the risk and return of a portfolio. The main disadvantage of the Treynor ratio is that it is backward-looking and that it relies on using a specific benchmark to measure beta.

A higher Treynor Ratio is preferable, as it shows that the portfolio is a more suitable investment on a risk-adjusted basis. Since beta is a measure of the systematic risk, which cannot be reduced by diversifying within the same market, the Treynor Ratio tries to show how well the investment compensates the investor for taking the risk. Of course, an investor deserves a return for taking a risk, and the Treynor Ratio can tell him/her how much return the investment has earned per unit risk.